The human body relies on numerous different enzymes in order to function properly. These enzymes are proteins that catalyze, or speed up, the rate of various reactions in the body, allowing them to occur at a rate that is beneficial and productive to our well-being. However, enzymes alone are not able to regulate the functioning of our bodies’ systems. Additional particles called coenzymes are needed to enhance their performance. Coenzymes contribute to innumerable aspects of our health including the appearance of our skin, the metabolism of our foods, and the prevention of harmful diseases.
One of these important natural vitamins would be Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10). This particle is a fat-soluble compound that possesses many qualities akin to those of vitamins, and it is a member of the biochemical class referred to as Coenzyme Q. Ten different Coenzyme Q compounds occur in nature, but Coenzyme Q10 is unique in that it is the only variety that is created by the human body. Coenzyme Q is also known as ubiquinone, a word that is derived from the word ubiquitous, whose roots mean “everywhere.” This term is incredibly suited for the Coenzyme Q particles; all living organisms, including plants, animals, and humans, synthesize ubiquinone compounds in their cells.
The chemical structure of CoQ10 was first deduced by a man named Professor Karl Folkers. Folkers became recognized at a relatively young age for his innovative research in the realm of human nutrition, including his valuable contributions to the scientific community during his postdoctoral work at Yale University. However, Folkers’s most notable accomplishments are those that he achieved while working with the Merck Company in Rahway, New Jersey.
It was at Merck, Inc. that Folkers was able to determine the chemical structure of Coenzyme Q10. In the year of 1958, Folkers discovered that Coenzyme Q10 could be a potential link in the ever-progressing quest to create effectual treatment for cardiovascular disease. However, Merck, Inc. had already invested its efforts in the field of heart disease with its release of a different drug, called Diuril. Merck, Inc. had recently launched this drug for medical sales and was unwilling to progress with Folkers’s new discovery. Folkers had little choice but to sell the formula and patent rights to a Japanese company, which immediately continued the research of the particle.
The Japanese were quickly able to develop new methods of synthesizing Coenzyme Q10. After this discovery, researchers were able to produce Coenzyme Q10 in amounts that enabled large clinical studies to be performed on the particle. Italian, Swedish, Japanese, and American researchers were then able to further develop scientific knowledge regarding this particle’s link with human health.
Research on Coenzyme Q10 is continuing to this day. Currently, the Japanese use this particle extensively in the treatment of cardiovascular disease, and CoQ10 enjoys considerable popularity in other areas of Asia and Europe as well. However, the United States is only just beginning to incorporate this particle into its regular cardiovascular treatment programs. As research on Coenzyme Q10 becomes more detailed and complex, the United States is becoming more and more receptive to the health benefits that the nutrient offers. Some researchers anticipate that Coenzyme Q10 will soon become a central component of the American scientific community’s cardiovascular treatment repertoire. In any case, the general public is becoming increasingly attracted to the health benefits that are offered by natural vitamins.
Coenzyme Q10 Absorption Potential
Coenzyme Q10 is a fat-soluble particle. Therefore, the ability of the human body to absorb this nutrient is dependent upon your personal fat digestion system. The better your body can digest fats and lipids, the more value it will receive out of CoQ10. However, even those who typically have difficulty in digesting such nutrients can take certain measures to maximize the values of Coenzyme Q10. For instance, by consuming Coenzyme Q10 supplements along with a lipid-rich meal, you can signal your body’s fat digestion processes to begin their regular processes. This will make your body more receptive to Coenzyme Q10, expediting its entrance into your bloodstream.
The efficiency of Coenzyme Q10′s absorption is also dependent on the form in which it is consumed. Several different types of Coenzyme Q10 supplements have been developed, all with varying degrees of quality and effectiveness. The most valuable form of CoQ10 is generally considered to be Natural Biology, which provides the nutrient in its Ubiquinol form. This relatively recent development in Coenzyme Q10 research tends to be absorbed by the body far more efficiently than other forms of the particle. In fact, the body is said to absorb the Natural Biology form of Coenzyme Q10 with as much as 200% more efficiency than traditional forms of the nutrient.
In the more than fifty years of research that have been performed on Coenzyme Q10, no adverse side effects have been associated with the consumption of this particle, and the nutrient is not toxic at any levels that could be consumed by the human body. Researchers generally attribute Coenzyme Q10′s remarkable safety with the fact that it is naturally produced in the body. Added consumption of Coenzyme Q10 is said to only enhance the positive effects that the body already receives from this nutrient. Safety studies will continue to be performed on this particle for the duration of its research process; however, most scientists are confident that Coenzyme Q10 is both a safe and a beneficial supplement. Some even venture to claim that CoQ10 could be the best natural vitamin available for human consumption.
Of course, as is the case with any other nutritional supplement, some people with certain diseases or health conditions should take great care when consuming this particle. This is especially true if you are already receiving treatment for cardiovascular disease. CoQ10 is able to benefit the cardiovascular system by boosting the strength of your heart. In many patients, this eliminates the need of certain other medications. In fact, 43 percent of patients who consume Coenzyme Q10 supplements on a regular basis have been able to reduce their consumption of other medications in as little as four to six months. (1) While this is certainly a desirable effect of Coenzyme Q10′s consumption, such reductions must be performed with extreme care. A certified physician should monitor the reduction or elimination of any other cardiovascular medications in order to ensure that the patient’s health is not endangered.
How Coenzyme Q10 Functions in Your Body
Coenzyme Q10 is able to boost your cardiovascular health by aiding your body’s mitochondria, which are the organelles that produce the bulk of your body cells’ energy. The fuel used in your body’s cellular processes, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), is manufactured in the mitochondria by a complicated process which involves differences in electrical potentials between the different areas of each organelle. These areas, labeled as Complexes I, II, and III, rely on CoQ10 to help them to function properly, and your body’s energy-making systems are essentially shut down when there is a deficiency of this nutrient. (2) By consuming Coenzyme Q10, you are ensuring that all of your body cells possess the energy that is necessary to boost your body’s strength. This can prove to be extremely beneficial in increasing the vitality of your heart. For similar reasons, Coenzyme Q10 is also capable of improving your athletic performance; the quality of your exercise can be enhanced by ensuring that your body is provided with all of the energy that it requires (3).
A Vital Antioxidant
Oxygen has many more effects in your body than you would expect. This element is frequently a part of chemical redox reactions, in which electrons are transferred between multiple chemical species. Such chemical reactions are natural and normal; however, they can also damage your body when they are not regulated extensively. For instance, normally harmless substances can be transformed into free radicals when not processed by the body correctly, leading to diseases such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and schizophrenia.
However, Coenzyme Q10 may be able to prevent these redox reactions from harming your body’s cells. This best natural vitamin has been proven to bolster the durability of the body’s cellular membranes, staving away the oxidative damage that can potentially be caused by redox reactions. When your body possesses an adequate amount of Coenzyme Q10, it is able to store key amounts in its mitochondria. These particles essentially act as security guards which prevent the entry of free radicals into the mitochondrial membrane’s DNA (4), (5). However, in the absence of Coenzyme Q10, your body cells are left vulnerable to these free radicals’ extremely dangerous effects.